The wifiwave2 package beta offers a new wireless driver, supporting 802.11ac Wave 2 features and an alternative configuration menu. Installing it disables other means of configuring wireless interfaces, including CAPsMAN.
Note: Before trying the wifiwave2 package, make sure to back up any wireless and CAPsMAN configuration you may want to restore afterwards.
The wifiwave2 package is compatible with IPQ4019 and QCA9984 wireless interfaces and is only available for ARM builds of RouterOS v7. It also requires 10MB of free space and at least 256MB of RAM.
As of the release of RouterOS 7.1beta3, this means it is compatible with 4 devices:
- hAP ac³ (non-LTE)
- Audience LTE6 kit*
*Please note that the wifiwave2 package is not compatible with CAPsMAN.
**Note that the 2.4GHz wireless interface on the RB4011iGS+5HacQ2HnD is not compatible with the wifiwave2 package. It will not be usable with the package installed.
- WPA3 authentication and OWE (opportunistic wireless encryption)
- 802.11w standard management frame protection
- Initial implementation of MU-MIMO and beamforming
- 400Mb/s maximum data rate in the 2.4GHz band for IPQ4019 interfaces
Wifiwave2 interfaces can be configured through the CLI in the '/interface/wifiwave2' menu. Configuration through GUIs of WinBox or WebFig is not currently supported.
Following is a non-exhaustive list of wifiwave2 interface properties.
band ( 2ghz-g | 2ghz-n | 2ghz-ax | 5ghz-a | 5ghz-ac | 5ghz-an | 5ghz-ax )
|Supported frequency band and wireless standard. Defaults to newest supported standard. Note that band support is limited by radio capabilities.|
channel-width ( 20mhz | 20/40mhz | 20/40mhz-Ce | 20/40mhz-eC | 20/40/80mhz | 20/40/80+80mhz 20/40/80/160mhz )
|Width of radio channel. Defaults to widest supported .|
|configuration.chains (list of integer [0..7])||Radio chains to use for receiving signals. Defaults to all available chains.|
|configuration.tx-chains (list of integer [0..7])||Radio chains to use for transmitting signals. Defaults to all available chains.|
|configuration.country (name of a country)||Determines, which regulatory domain restrictions are applied to an interface. Defaults to "United States", prohibiting use of frequencies 2467-2472 in the 2.4GHz band.|
|configuration.hide-ssid (yes | no)|
|disabled ( no | yes )||Whether interface is disabled or not. Interfaces are disabled by default.|
|frequency ( list of integer )|
Frequencies to use for control channel when operating as AP or frequencies to scan for APs on when operating as a station (client). Defaults to all supported channels in the given frequency band.
Note: unlike the standard wireless package wifiwave2 does not support operating on non-standard radio channels (channels without an official number e.g. 5200/ac/Ceee).
|mac-address (MAC)||MAC address (BSSID) to use for an interface. Defaults to MAC address of the corresponding radio device.|
|master ( name of an interface )||Master interface for virtual interfaces.|
|mode ( ap | station )||Operating mode for the interface. Defaults to 'ap'. |
|secondary-frequency ( list of integer | disabled )||Frequencies to use for the second part of a split 80+80MHz channel.|
|security.authentication-types ( list of owe, wpa-eap, wpa-psk, wpa2-eap, wpa2-psk, wpa3-eap, wpa3-psk )||Authentication types to enable on the interface. Defaults to an empty list (open AP) if security.passphrase is unset or 'wpa2-psk', if it is.|
|security.passphrase ( string 0..63 chars )||Passphrase to use for PSK authentication types. Defaults to "". WPA-PSK and WPA2-PSK authentication requires a minimum of 8 chars, while WPA3-PSK does not have minimum passphrase length.|
|security.management-protection ( allowed | disabled | required )||Whether to use 802.11w management frame protection (incompatible with management frame protection in standard wireless package). Defaults to 'allowed' when PSK authentication is used.|
|security.owe-transition-interface (name of interface)||Name of an interface whose MAC address and SSID to advertise as the matching AP when running in OWE transition mode. Required for setting up open APs that offer OWE, but also work with older devices that don't support the standard. See configuration example below.|
|ssid (string)||ESSID (extended service set identifier) is a name that identifies wireless network. Default: None.|
Basic password-protected AP
/interface/wifiwave2 set wifi1 disabled=no ssid=MikroTik \ security.authentication-types=wpa2-psk,wpa3-psk security.passphrase=8-63_characters
Open AP with OWE
Opportunistic wireless encryption (OWE) allows wireless clients to enjoy encryption and management protection without requiring knowledge of a passphrase to connect. It is an improvement on open AP operating mode.
However, the OWE standard does not permit connections from devices that don't support it to prevent downgrade attacks. So to provide an open AP both for clients that don't support OWE and those that do, the following basic configuration is required.
/interface wifiwave2 add master=wifi1 name=wifi1_owe ssid=MikroTik_OWE \ security.authentication-types=owe security.owe-tranistion-interface=wifi1 \ configuration.hide-ssid=yes set wifi1 ssid=MikroTik security.authentication-types="" security.owe-transition-interface=wifi1_owe enable wifi1,wifi1_owe
You can reset the configuration of a wifiwave2 interface by removing it (e.g. /interface/wifiwave2/remove wifi1) and rebooting the device.
Information about the capabilities of each radio can be gained by running the `/interface/wifiwave2/radio print detail` command. Following is a list of radio parameters
|bands||List of supported frequency bands, wireless standards and channel widths.|
|ciphers||List of supported traffic encryption ciphers.|
A unique identifier.
|radio-mac||MAC address of the radio interface. Can be used to match radios to interface configurations.|
|rx-chains||List of IDs for radio chains available for receiving radio signals.|
|tx-chains||List of IDs for radio chains available for transmitting radio signals.|
The registration table contains entries of associated wireless devices (both APs and stations) and provides information about their signal levels, data rates and other parameters when using the additional `/interface/wifiwave2/registration-table/print stats` parameter.