MikroTik Traffic-Flow is a system that provides statistic information about packets which pass through the router. Besides network monitoring and accounting, system administrators can identify various problems that may occur in the network. With help of Traffic-Flow, it is possible to analyze and optimize the overall network performance. As Traffic-Flow is compatible with Cisco NetFlow, it can be used with various utilities which are designed for Cisco's NetFlow.
Traffic-Flow supports the following NetFlow formats:
- version 1 - the first version of NetFlow data format, do not use it, unless you have to
- version 5 - in addition to version 1, version 5 has possibility to include BGP AS and flow sequence number information. Currently RouterOS does not include BGP AS numbers.
- version 9 - a new format which can be extended with new fields and record types thank's to its template-style design
This section lists the configuration properties of Traffic-Flow.
|interfaces (string | all; Default: all)||Names of those interfaces which will be used to gather statistics for traffic-flow. To specify more than one interface, separate them with a comma.|
|cache-entries (128k | 16k | 1k | 256k | 2k | ... ; Default: 4k)||Number of flows which can be in router's memory simultaneously.|
|active-flow-timeout (time; Default: 30m)||Maximum life-time of a flow.|
|inactive-flow-timeout (time; Default: 15s)||How long to keep the flow active, if it is idle. If connection does not see any packet within this timeout, then traffic-flow will send packet out as new flow. If this timeout is too small it can create significant amount of flows and overflow the buffer.|
/ip traffic-flow target
With Traffic-Flow targets we specify those hosts which will gather the Traffic-Flow information from router.
|address (IP:port; Default: )||IP address and port (UDP) of the host which receives Traffic-Flow statistic packets from the router.|
|v9-template-refresh (integer; Default: 20)||Number of packets after which the template is sent to the receiving host (only for NetFlow version 9)|
|v9-template-timeout (time; Default: )||After how long to send the template, if it has not been sent.|
|version (1 | 5 | 9; Default: )||Which version format of NetFlow to use|
By looking at packet flow diagram you can see that traffic flow is at the end of input, forward and output chain stack. It means that traffic flow will count only traffic that reaches one of those chains.
For example, you set up mirror port on switch, connect mirror port to router and set traffic flow to count mirrored packets. Unfortunately such setup will not work, because mirrored packets are dropped before they reach input chain.
Other interfaces will appear in report if traffic is passing thorugh them and monitored interface.
This example shows how to configure Traffic-Flow on a router
Enable Traffic-Flow on the router:
[admin@MikroTik] ip traffic-flow> set enabled=yes [admin@MikroTik] ip traffic-flow> print enabled: yes interfaces: all cache-entries: 1k active-flow-timeout: 30m inactive-flow-timeout: 15s [admin@MikroTik] ip traffic-flow>
Specify IP address and port of the host, which will receive Traffic-Flow packets:
[admin@MikroTik] ip traffic-flow target> add dst-address=192.168.0.2 port=2055 version=9 [admin@MikroTik] ip traffic-flow target> print Flags: X - disabled # SRC-ADDRESS DST-ADDRESS PORT VERSION 0 0.0.0.0 192.168.0.2 2055 9 [admin@MikroTik] ip traffic-flow target>
Now the router starts to send packets with Traffic-Flow information.
Some screenshots from ntop program, which has gathered Traffic-Flow information from our router and displays it in nice graphs and statistics.
To use ntop-ng with MikroTik you need to use Nprobe, which is a paid software.