Ethernet over IP (EoIP) Tunneling is a MikroTik RouterOS protocol based on GRE RFC 1701 that creates an Ethernet tunnel between two routers on top of an IP connection. The EoIP tunnel may run over IPIP tunnel, PPTP tunnel, or any other connection capable of transporting IP.
When the bridging function of the router is enabled, all Ethernet traffic (all Ethernet protocols) will be bridged just as if there where a physical Ethernet interface and cable between the two routers (with bridging enabled). This protocol makes multiple network schemes possible.
Network setups with EoIP interfaces:
The EoIP protocol encapsulates Ethernet frames in GRE (IP protocol number 47) packets (just like PPTP) and sends them to the remote side of the EoIP tunnel.
|allow-fast-path (yes | no; Default: yes)||Whether to allow FastPath processing. Must be disabled if IPsec tunneling is used.|
|arp (disabled | enabled | proxy-arp | reply-only; Default: enabled)||Address Resolution Protocol mode.|
|arp-timeout (integer[/time]; Default: auto)||Time interval in which ARP entries should time out.|
|clamp-tcp-mss (yes | no; Default: yes)||Controls whether to change MSS size for received TCP SYN packets. When enabled, a router will change the MSS size for received TCP SYN packets if the current MSS size exceeds the tunnel interface MTU (taking into account the TCP/IP overhead).The received encapsulated packet will still contain the original MSS, and only after decapsulation the MSS is changed.|
|comment (string; Default: )||Short description of the interface.|
|disabled (yes | no; Default: no)||Whether an item is disabled.|
|dont-fragment (inherit | no; Default: no)||Whether to include DF bit in related packets.|
|dscp (integer: 0-63; Default: inherited)||DSCP value of packet. Inherited option means that dscp value will be inherited from packet which is going to be encapsulated.|
|ipsec-secret (string; Default: )||When secret is specified, router adds dynamic IPsec peer to remote-address with pre-shared key and policy (by default phase2 uses sha1/aes128cbc).|
|keepalive (integer[/time],integer 0..4294967295; Default: 10s,10)||Tunnel keepalive parameter sets the time interval in which the tunnel running flag will remain even if the remote end of tunnel goes down. If configured time,retries fail, interface running flag is removed. Parameters are written in following format: |
|l2mtu (integer; read-only)||Layer2 Maximum transmission unit. Not configurable for EoIP. MTU in RouterOS|
|local-address (IP; Default: )||Source address of the tunnel packets, local on the router.|
|mac-address (MAC; Default: )||Media Access Control number of an interface. The address numeration authority IANA allows the use of MAC addresses in the range from 00:00:5E:80:00:00 - 00:00:5E:FF:FF:FF freely|
|mtu (integer; Default: auto)||Layer3 Maximum transmission unit|
|name (string; Default: )||Interface name|
|remote-address (IP; Default: )||IP address of remote end of EoIP tunnel|
|tunnel-id (integer: 65536; Default: )||Unique tunnel identifier, which must match other side of the tunnel|
Parameter tunnel-id is a method of identifying a tunnel. It must be unique for each EoIP tunnel.
When bridging EoIP tunnels, it is highly recommended to set unique MAC addresses for each tunnel for the bridge algorithms to work correctly. For EoIP interfaces you can use MAC addresses that are in the range from 00:00:5E:80:00:00 - 00:00:5E:FF:FF:FF , which IANA has reserved for such cases. Alternatively, you can set the second bit of the first byte to modify the auto-assigned address into a 'locally administered address', assigned by the network administrator, and thus use any MAC address, you just need to ensure they are unique between the hosts connected to one bridge.
Let us assume we want to bridge two networks: 'Station' and 'AP'. By using EoIP setup can be made so that Station and AP LANs are in the same Layer2 broadcast domain.
Consider the following setup:
As you know wireless stations cannot be bridged, to overcome this limitation (not involving WDS) we will create an EoIP tunnel over the wireless link and bridge it with interfaces connected to local networks.
We will not cover wireless configuration in this example, let's assume that the wireless link is already established.
At first, we create an EoIP tunnel on our AP:
/interface eoip add name="eoip-remote" tunnel-id=0 remote-address=10.0.0.2 disabled=no
Verify the interface is created:
[admin@AP] > /interface eoip print Flags: X - disabled; R - running 0 R name="eoip-remote" mtu=auto actual-mtu=1458 l2mtu=65535 mac-address=FE:A5:6C:3F:26:C5 arp=enabled arp-timeout=auto loop-protect=default loop-protect-status=off loop-protect-send-interval=5s loop-protect-disable-time=5m local-address=0.0.0.0 remote-address=10.0.0.2 tunnel-id=0 keepalive=10s,10 dscp=inherit clamp-tcp-mss=yes dont-fragment=no allow-fast-path=yes
/interface eoip add name="eoip-main" tunnel-id=0 remote-address=10.0.0.1 disabled=no
Verify the interface is created:
[admin@Station] > /interface eoip print Flags: X - disabled; R - running 0 R name="eoip-main" mtu=auto actual-mtu=1458 l2mtu=65535 mac-address=FE:4B:71:05:EA:8B arp=enabled arp-timeout=auto loop-protect=default loop-protect-status=off loop-protect-send-interval=5s loop-protect-disable-time=5m local-address=0.0.0.0 remote-address=10.0.0.1 tunnel-id=0 keepalive=10s,10 dscp=inherit clamp-tcp-mss=yes dont-fragment=no allow-fast-path=yes
Next, we will bridge local interfaces with EoIP tunnel on our AP. If you already have a local bridge interface, simply add EoIP interface to it:
/interface bridge port add bridge=bridge1 interface=eoip-remote
The bridge port list should list all local LAN interfaces and the EoIP interface:
[admin@AP] > /interface bridge port print Flags: I - INACTIVE; H - HW-OFFLOAD Columns: INTERFACE, BRIDGE, HW, PVID, PRIORITY, PATH-COST, INTERNAL-PATH-COST, HORIZON # INTERFACE BRIDGE HW PVID PRIORITY PATH-COST INTERNAL-PATH-COST HORIZON 0 H ether2 bridge1 yes 1 0x80 10 10 none 1 H ether3 bridge1 yes 1 0x80 10 10 none 2 eoip-remote bridge1 yes 1 0x80 10 10 none
On Station router, if you do not have a local bridge interface, create a new bridge and add both EoIP and local LAN interfaces to it:
/interface bridge add name=bridge1 /interface bridge port add bridge=bridge1 interface=ether2 /interface bridge port add bridge=bridge1 interface=eoip-main
Verify the bridge port section:
[admin@Station] > /interface bridge port print Flags: I - INACTIVE; H - HW-OFFLOAD Columns: INTERFACE, BRIDGE, HW, PVID, PRIORITY, PATH-COST, INTERNAL-PATH-COST, HORIZON # INTERFACE BRIDGE HW PVID PRIORITY PATH-COST INTERNAL-PATH-COST HORIZON 0 H ether2 bridge1 yes 1 0x80 10 10 none 2 eoip-main bridge1 yes 1 0x80 10 10 none
Now both sites are in the same Layer2 broadcast domain. You can set up IP addresses from the same network on both sites.