Netinstall is a tool for installing and reinstalling MikroTik devices running RouterOS. Always try using Netinstall if you suspect that your device is not working properly. The tool is available for Windows (with a graphical interface) and for Linux (as a command line tool).
In short, the Netinstall procedure goes like this: Connect your PC directly to the boot port (Usually Ether1, the port labeled BOOT or as otherwise indicated in the product manual) of the device you will be reinstalling. Turn on the device while holding the reset button until it shows up in the Netinstall tool.
Careful. Netinstall re-formats the system's drive, all configuration and saved files will be lost. Netinstall does not erase the RouterOS license key, nor does it reset RouterBOOT related settings, for example, CPU frequency is not changed after reinstalling the device.
Download the RouterOS Main package from the downloads page;
You must choose a RouterOS version. You can always select the version that is marked as Current. You must also select the architecture (ARM, MIPS, SMIPS, TILE, etc...), but if you are not sure, then you can download the RouterOS package for ALL architectures, Netinstall will choose the right architecture for you.
Disconnect your computer from WiFi, Ethernet, LTE, or any other type of connection! Netinstall will only work on one active interface on your computer, it is highly recommended that you disconnect any other network interfaces in order to be sure that Netinstall will select the right network interface.
Configure a static IP address for your Ethernet interface, open Start, and select Settings:
Netinstall can run also on a local network, in such case you could skip setting a static IP address, but it is highly recommended that you set a static IP address if you are not familiar with Netinstall.
If you have a working router, then you can use it and skip the setting up a static IP part of this tutorial, but it requires you to know your LAN address since you will need to specify an unused IP address in your network for the network boot server. For this reason it is recommended to apply a static IP address and follow this guide precisely, if you are not sure how to get these parameters out of your network.
Run Netinstall.exe. If you followed the guide precisely, then you should not have any Internet connection on your computer, Windows 10 wants to verify all apps that it runs, but will not be able to do it since lack of the Internet connection, for this reason, a warning might pop up, you should click Run.
Netinstall requires administrator rights, there should be a window asking for permissions to run Netinstall, you must accept these permissions in order for Netinstall to work properly.
|The Client IP address must be unique! Don't use an existing IP address in your network, this also means that you should not use the computer's IP address as well. Use a completely different IP address from the same subnet.|
Some computers have a network interface (especially USB Ethernet adapters) that tend to create an extra link flap, which is enough for Netinstall to fail to detect a device that is in Etherboot mode. In such a case you can use a switch between your device and your computer or a router in bridge mode to prevent this issue.
There are multiple ways how to put your device into Etherboot mode. Make sure you read the Etherboot manual before trying to put the device into this mode. Methods vary between different MikroTik devices.
If you downloaded RouterOS packages for multiple architectures, then Netinstall will only show the appropriate architecture packages for your device after you have selected it. All unsupported packages will not show up in this window after you have selected a device.
If the installation does not start (progress bar is not moving or no status is shown), then you can try closing the Netinstall application and opening it up again or try to put the device into Etherboot mode again. If you are still unable to get Netinstall working, then you should try using it on a different computer since there might be an operating system's issue that is preventing Netinstall from working properly.
After using Netinstall the device will be reset to defaults (unless you specified not to apply default configuration). Some devices are not accessible through ether1 port with the default configuration for security reasons. Read more about Default configuration.
When using the Configure script option, it is suggested to introduce a delay before configuration execution.
The Linux version is a command line tool, which offers nearly the same parameters as the Windows counterpart.
Download the tool from our download page (links not literal):
tar -xzf netinstall-[VERSION].tar.gz
Run the tool:
./netinstall -a 192.168.0.1 routeros-arm64-[VERSION].npk
The available parameters are as follows:
|-r||resets the configuration upon reinstallation procedure, optional|
|-k keyfile||provides the device with a license key (key file in .KEY format), optional|
|-s userscript||preconfigures the device with the provided configuration (text file in .RSC format), optional|
|uses a specific IP address that the Netinstall server will assign to the device, mandatory|
|PACKAGE||specify a list of RouterOS.NPK format packages that Netinstall will try to install on the device, mandatory|
admin@ubuntu:~$ sudo ./netinstall -a 192.168.88.3 routeros-mipsbe-6.48.1.npk Using server IP: 192.168.88.2 Starting PXE server Waiting for RouterBOARD... PXE client: 01:23:45:67:89:10 Sending image: mips Discovered RouterBOARD... Formatting... Sending package routeros-mipsbe-6.48.1.npk ... Ready for reboot... Sent reboot command
Etherboot mode is a special state for a MikroTik device that allows you to reinstall your device using Netinstall. There are several ways to put your device into Etherboot mode depending on the device you are using.
The Reset can be found on all MikroTik devices, this button can be used to put the device into Etherboot mode. An easy way to put a device into Etherboot mode using the Reset button is by powering off the device, hold the Reset button, power on the device while holding the Reset button and keep holding it until the device shows up in your Netinstalll window.
If you have set up a Protected bootloader, then the reset button's behavior is changed. Make sure you remember the settings you used to set up the Protected bootloader, otherwise you will not be able to use Eterboot mode and will not be able to reset your device.
If your device is able to boot up and you are able to log in, then you can easily put the device into Etherboot mode. To do so, just connect to your device and execute the following command:
/system routerboard settings set boot-device=try-ethernet-once-then-nand
After that either reboot the device or do a power cycle on the device. Next time the device will boot up, then it will first try going into Etherboot mode. Note that after the first boot up, the device will not try going into Etherboot mode and will boot directly of NAND or of the storage type the device is using.
Some devices come with a serial console that can be used to put the device into Etherboot mode. To do so, make sure you configure your computer's serial console. The required parameters for all MikroTik devices (except for RouterBOARD 230 series) are as following:
115200bit/s, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no parity, flow control=none by default.
For RouterBOARD 230 series devices the parameters are as following:
9600bit/s, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no parity, hardware (RTS/CTS) flow control by default.
Make sure you are using a proper null modem cable, you can find the proper pinout here. When the device is booting up, keep pressing CTRL+E on your keyboard until the device shows that it is trying bootp protocol:
RouterBOOT booter 6.42.3 CRS125-24G-1S CPU frequency: 600 MHz Memory speed: 175 MHz Memory size: 128 MiB NAND size: 128 MiB Press any key within 2 seconds to enter setup Ethernet link absent... trying bootp protocol.....................
At this point your device is in Etherboot mode, now the device should show up in your Netinstall window.