Controller Bridge (CB) and Port Extender (PE) is an IEEE 802.1BR standard implementation in RouterOS for CRS3xx series switches. It allows virtually extending the CB ports with a PE device and manage these extended interfaces from a single controlling device. Such configuration provides a simplified network topology, flexibility, increased port density and ease manageability. An example of Controller Bridge and Port Extender topology can be seen below.
The Controller Bridge establishes communication with the Port Extender through a cascade port. Similarly, the Port Extender will communicate with the Controller Bridge only through an upstream port. On a PE device, control ports must be configured and only one port (closest to the CB) will act as an upstream port, other control ports can act as a backup for upstream port or even cascade port for switches connected in series (e.g. Port Extender 2 and 3 in the image above). Cascade and upstream ports are used to transmit and receive control and network traffic. Extended ports are interfaces that are controlled by the CB device and they are typically connected to the end hosts. Extended ports only transmit and receive network traffic.
See supported features for each switch model below.
|Model||Controller Bridge||Port Extender|
|netPower 15FR (CRS318-1Fi-15Fr-2S)||-||+|
|netPower 16P (CRS318-16P-2S+)||-||+|
In this example, we will create a Controlling Bridge (e.g. a CRS317-1G-16S+ switch) that will connect to a single Port Extender (e.g. a CRS326-24G-2S+ switch) through an SFP+1 interface.
First, configure a bridge with enabled VLAN filtering on a CB device:
On the same device, configure a port that is connected to the PE device and will act as cascade port:
Last, on a PE device, simply configure a control port, which will be selected as an upstream port:
Once PE and CB devices are connected, all interfaces that are on the same switch group (except for control ports) will be extended and can be further configured on a CB device. An automatic bridge port configuration will be applied on the CB device which adds all extended ports in a single bridge, this configuration can be modified afterward.
In order to exclude some port from being extended (e.g. for out-of-band management purposes), additionally, configure
Make sure not to include the cascade-ports and control-ports in any routing or bridging configurations. These ports are recommended only for a CB and PE usage.
All received network packets on extended ports will be encapsulated by the Port Extender with an E-TAG header (EtherType 0x893F) and forwarded through an upstream port, towards Controller Bridge. An E-TAG packet contains information regarding the PE source port ID. Once a Controller Bridge receives the E-TAG packet, it knows exactly which extended interface received the frame. Then CB internally decapsulates the packet and processes it through a regular switching decision (host learning, destination address lookup, VLAN filtering, etc.). Once a switching decision is made, the Controller Bridge will again encapsulate the original frame with an E-TAG and send it through a cascade port. For a single destination packet (unicast), CB will include the PE destination port ID in the E-TAG. For a multi-destination packet (broadcast, multicast or unknown-unicast), the CB will include a target group mark and source port ID in the E-TAG. Once a PE device receives E-TAG packet on the upstream port, the PE decapsulates the packet and forward through a correct extended port, or flood packet per extended port (except for source port).
Single destination packet forwarding
This section describes the Controller Bridge settings and monitoring options.
/interface bridge port-controller
|bridge (name; Default: none)||The bridge interface where ports will be extended. The CB will only enable when |
|cascade-ports (interfaces; Default: none)||Interfaces that will act as cascade ports. A bonding interface with 802.3ad or balance-xor |
|switch (name; Default: none)||The switch that will act as the CB and ensure the control and network traffic. The CB will only enable when |
After CB and PE devices are configured and connected, each PE device will be automatically visible on the device menu, use
monitor commands to see more details.
/interface bridge port-controller device
|connected-via-devs (name)||Shows the connected devices in the path from PE to CB.|
|connected-via-ports (name)||Shows the connection path from PE to CB.|
|control-ports (interfaces)||PE device control ports.|
|descr (name)||Short PE device description.|
|name (name)||Automatically assigned PE device name.|
|pe-mac (MAC address)||PE device MAC address.|
|status (active | inactive)||PE device status.|
Additionally, each PE device interface can be monitored on the port menu, use
monitor commands to see more details.
/interface bridge port-controller port
|device (name)||Automatically assigned PE device name.|
|name (name)||Automatically assigned PE port name.|
|pcid (integer)||Automatically assigned port identifier.|
|port-status (dev-inactive | not-added | ok)||PE port status.|
|rate (bps)||Data rate of the connection.|
|status (link-ok | no-link | unknown)||PE port link status.|
The Controller Bridge can monitor the PoE-out related information from Port Extenders on the port poe menu, use
monitor commands to see more details. For more information regarding PoE-out, please visit the PoE-out manual.
This section describes the Port Extender settings.
/interface bridge port-extender
|control-ports (interfaces; Default: none)||Interfaces that will either connect to the CB (upstream port) or connect other PE devices in series (cascade port). A bonding interface with 802.3ad or balance-xor |
|excluded-ports (interfaces; Default: none)||Interfaces that will not be extended.|
|switch (name; Default: none)||The switch that will act as the extender and ensure the control and network traffic. The PE will only enable when this property is specified, otherwise, it will be in a disabled state.|